Transformational leadership Notes

  • Transformational leadership is a dynamic leadership behavior that “inspires” followers and also “transforms” the way followers think.\n\nTransformational leadership is a dynamic leadership behavior that “inspires” followers and also “transforms” the way followers think. “Transformational leadership has been widely researched from many perspectives, including a series of qualitative studies of prominent leaders and CEOs in large, well-known organizations” and “has also been the focal point for a large body of leadership research since its introduction in the 1970s” (Northouse, 2004, p. 183). Transformational leaders are able to create a clear vision for followers. Pounder (2008) explains transformational leadership outcomes when reframing an organization by stating, “the effect of transformational leadership on subordinates centers on three leadership outcomes: (a) the ability of the leader to generate extra effort on the part of those being led, (b) subordinates’ perception of leader effectiveness, and (c) their satisfaction with the leader” (p. 2). Transformational leaders are known for empowering followers. As with any type of leadership, “Transformational leadership involves an exceptional form of influence that moves followers to accomplish more than what is usually expected of them. It is a process that often incorporates charismatic and visionary leadership” (Northouse, 2004, p. 169). An example of a transformational leader is Mohandas Gandhi who was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize five times. Gandhi was able to influence his followers in India to “peacefully” reclaim their land from the British. This “transformation” from violent protests to non-violent protests had many positive implications and outcomes. A different transformational leader was President John F. Kennedy. On May 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy announced before a special joint session of Congress the ambitious goal of sending an American safely to the Moon before the end of the decade. In 1969, this near-impossible goal was accomplished.\n\nTransactional Leadership\n\nTransactional leadership is an “exchange” that occurs between a leader and a follower. For example, “politicians who win votes by promising no new taxes are demonstrating transactional leadership” (Northouse, 2004, p. 170). Interestingly enough, James MacGregor Burns (1978) was one of the first researchers to discuss transactional and transformational leadership. From a pragmatic perspective, it can be conceptualized as a “business transaction” that occurs between two parties. Transactional leadership assumes that “followers agree about achieving the required goals and objectives in exchange for rewards or praise” (Farag et al., 2009, p. 27). Transactional leaders are successful because of their ability to entice and motivate followers. At times, followers need a reason to perform a task. “Transactional leadership refers to the bulk of leadership models, which focus on the exchanges that occur between leaders and their followers” (Northouse, 2004, p. 170). An example of a transactional leader is Barack Obama (44th President of the United States) who promised to “extend the Bush tax cuts for lower incomes” in exchange for support and votes during his campaign. \n\nPlease begin by reading:\n\nIsmail, A., Mohamed, H. A., Sulaiman, A. Z., Mohamad, M. H., & Yusuf, M. H. (2011). An empirical study of the relationship between transformational leadership, empowerment and organizational commitment. Business and Economic Research Journal, 2(1), 89-108. Retrieved May 14, 2014 from ProQuest. (Document ID: 2249003471)\n\nIvey, G. W., & Kline, T. B. (2010). Transformational and active transactional leadership in the Canadian military. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 31(3), 246-262. Retrieved May 14, 2014 from ProQuest. (Document ID: 2017490041)\n\nKaifi, B.A., & Mujtaba, B.G. (2010). Transformational leadership of Afghans and Americans. Journal of Service Science and Management, 3(1), 150-159. Retrieved May 15, 2014 from ProQuest. (Document ID: 2019762491)\n\nPlease watch:\n\nYouTube Video: Reagan’s Transformational Leadership. Retrieved on May 15, 2014, from"},{"left":"","right":""},{"left":"","right":""},{"left":"","right":""}]

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