Psychology Notes

  • Introduction to Psychology

    - [Columbine H.S. Shooting](#51ff9b8ab7e2b62a15000007)\n- Concerns about the media\n-11 Sept., '01 (9-11)\n- Andrea Yates (drowned her kids)\n- Celebrities behaving badly\n- [Our \"polarized\" world ](#51ff9bf4b7e2b62a15000008)(disagreements)\n- The Tuscon tragedy (1 man shot 17 people)\n\n "},{"left":"Can psychology tell us w


  • The Practice and Profession of Psychology

    - Ph.D \n - 4-6yrs. of grad school\n - Training in theory, research, and clinical settings and applications\n - To be a psychologist, one must be licensed\n- Psy.D \n - Grad school w/ greater focus on applications (such as counseling)\n- M.D. – Psychiatry \n - Attend medical school w/ specialization in [psychiatry](#51ff9db2b7e2b62a1500000a)\n\n "},{"left":"What Ps


  • Research Methods in Psychology

    - [Empiricism](#51fa276197717cb13b000070)- use of observable data or evidence \n - Operational definition\n- Testability- events may be shown to be true or false\n- [Parsimony](#51fa288097717cb13b00007a)- simplicity\n- Determinism- events are lawful and predictable\n- 2 Purposes of Research \n - Basic- Research for the sake of knowledge\n - Applied- research designed to solve a problem\n\n "},{"left":"[Selecting Research Pa


  • Experimental Research Methods

    - [The \"cause\"](#51fa3f5d97717cb13b00009d)\n- [Manipulated ](#51fa400097717cb13b00009e)\n - Forming groups to experiment\n- Non-manipulated \n - Classification or [subject variables](#51fa403c97717cb13b00009f) (called quasi-experimental research) \n - One's self-assignment to a group\n\n "},{"left":"Dependent variable (DV)","right":"- [The \"effect\"]


  • Biopsychology

    [](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)[http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index](http://www.uwinnipeg.ca/index/biopsychology-index)\n\n "},{"left":"Where is the Mind?","right":"- [Dualism](#51fa52f897717cb13b0000a8)- mind & body are separate\n- [Monism](#51fa533c9771


  • Sensation and Perception


  • Vision

    - [Wavelength](#51ffdabfb7e2b62a15000017)\n- [Frequency](#51ffdaf7b7e2b62a15000018)\n- [Amplitude](#51ffdb18b7e2b62a15000019)\n\n "},{"left":"Eyes","right":"-


  • Learning

    [John B. Watson](#520084d9b7e2b62a15000029)","right":"- 1913- The revolution begins! \n - [Anti-Freudian](#5200857fb7e2b62a1500002a), anti-[mentalistic](#52008630b7e2b62a1500002b), and anti-introspection\n-


  • Memory

    Practical issue","right":"- [Recovered memory debate](#5200b480b7e2b62a15000045)\n - Regaining repressed memories after years"},{"left":"Models of Memory","right":"- [Information-pro


  • Intelligence: Processes and Products

    - No agreed upon definition\n - One formal definition is \"the capacity to understand the world, to think rationally, and use resources effectively when faced with a challenge\" – Wechsler\n- Controversy\n - Measurement issues\n - Practical and placement issues\n - Causality (genetics or environment)\n - Policies for education and society\n\n "},{"left":"Organiz


  • Influences on Intelligence

    - Implications of intelligence testing\n - The \"dark side\" of intelligence tests\n- Social Darwinism and the Eugenics movements\n- It is difficult to interpret group differences\n\n "},{"left":"The Role of Genetics/Her


  • The Perinatal and Neonatal Periods

    - \"Easy labor\"\n - Dilation (10cm)\n- \"Hard labor\"\n - Baby is coming out\n- Afterbirth\n - Placenta comes out\n\n "},{"left":"Reflexes","righ


  • Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis

    - Born 6 May, 1856 in Moravia\n- Jewish, lower-middle class parents\n- Oldest of 8\n- Father was a strict wool merchant\n- Very loving mother\n - \"Golden Sigi\"\n- Had an MD- Univ. Of Vienna, 1881\n- Married\n - 6 kids\n - Anna was the heir to his theory\n- Differing views of personality\n - Cold, bitter, and rejecting\n - Warm, understanding, and compassionate\n - Neurotic\n- Moved to London in 1938\n- Died 21, Sept., 1939\n\n "},{"left":"Freud in Psychoanalysis",


  • Abnormal Psychology

    - No single agreed upon definition\n- Abnormal behaviors occur along a continuum- from anxiety, depression, disorientation that all people have experienced\n- Psychologists emphasize the characteristics of abnormality\n - Statistical rarity\n - Violations of norms\n - Maladaptive behavior\n - Personal distress\n - The context must also be considered because none of the characteristics alone is sufficient to define abnormal behavior\n\n "},{"left":"Insani


  • Therapy

    - People go for a number of reasons\n- The goal is to bring about some sort of change"},{"left":"Professiona


  • Our Basic Structure: The Nervous System

    Learning about the nervous system helps us know how messages that are sent to the brain cause behavior."},{"left":"What does the nervous system control?","rig


  • Nature vs Nurture

    the study of how the environment and genetics influence you."},{"left":"what are chromosomes?","


  • Unit 4: Body and Behavior (Chapter 6)

    - Nervous System: Regulates other bodily functions\n- Controls emotions, movements, thinking, and behavior\n- Divided into 2 parts\n- Central Nervous System (Brain and Spinal Cord)\n- Peripheral Nervous System (smaller nerves that reach other parts of the body)\n- All parts of the nervous system are protected in some way\n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n\n


  • Psychology Notes

    Consciousness: State of awareness (range from alertness to non-alertness)\n\nStudy sleep through electroencephalograph (EEG) by recording electrical activity of the brain\n\nSleep characterized by unresponsiveness to environment and limited physical mobility. Some scientists believe sleep is when brain recovers.\n\nOthers believe we do it as a form of hibernation to conserve energy.\n\nOthers believe it is an adaptive process.


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